romanian navy shipsbenennen 8 buchstaben

[2] The main base of the Romanian Navy is located at ConstanÅ£a. Despre nave româneşti, mai noi sau mai vechi, istorie navală şi … The Soviet Navy moved all Romanian warships to Caucasian ports. Officers were then trained at Brest, in France. Port bow. Delfinul . Proiect 877 Paltus. As of 2010, ca. After the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the ruling Domnitor of the Romanian Principalities, decided on the 22nd of October 1860 by order no. [6] These ships from Mărăști class were renamed Mărășești and Mărăști. These are the current Romanian Armed Forces ranks and insignia. After the war, the navy transported the Romanian troops back across the Danube. [12] Four gunboats were purchased from the French Navy: Stihi, Dumitrescu, Lepri and Ghiculescu. [20] By this late stage of the war, only two destroyers (Regina Maria and Mărășești), two gunboats (Dumitrescu and Ghiculescu), one minelayer (Amiral Murgescu) and three motor torpedo boats were still operational. The SMR (Serviciul Maritim Român, the Romanian state merchant marine) was also endowed with a number of new ships: the steamer Oituz, the ex-German freighters Ardeal, Peleș, Alba Iulia and Suceava (all of them commissioned between 1932-1933), the passenger liners Basarabia and Transilvania (bought from Germany in 1938) and four new freighters from Italy just before the start of the Second World War: Balcic, Cavarna, Mangalia and Sulina. Emisiunea TV "Scutul Dobrogei" Urmăreşte emisiunea din data de 20 decembrie Emisiunea radio "Scutul Dobrogei" Urmăreşte emisiunea din data de 21 decembrie Revista "Marina Română" A apărut Nr.6 (208) din 2020 Recomandări. The 1899 program called for six coastal battleships, four destroyers and twelve torpedo boats. The Romanian Navy was founded in 1860 as a river flotilla on the Danube. [14] The overwhelming superiority of the Soviet Navy forced the Royal Romanian Navy to conduct mainly defensive operations throughout the entire war and its warships rarely hazarded further east than Cape Sarych. The Romanian naval commander, Rear Admiral Horia Macellariu, was awarded the German Ritterkreuz after Operation 60,000, the contingency plan for the evacuation of Crimea. [51], A slight defeat came in the autumn of 1943, when a Z.501 was shot down by Soviet ace Grigoriy Rechkalov.[52]. The protected cruiser Elisabeta (Elizabeth), built in 1888 by Armstrong. By the autumn of 1941 the Romanians had advanced – mostly on foot or on horseback – across the Ukraine and Bessarabia to the Black Sea, had taken Odessa after a two-month siege and were entering the Crimea. [5], The main focus of the Romanian Navy during the interwar period was the Black Sea fleet. 86 assault rifles, PM md. [53] The submarine Delfinul started an extensive refit at the end of 1942, which would keep her out of action for the remainder of the war. They were not returned until after the war. The Romanian Navy contributed to the offensive, with the monitor Catargiu landing 50 marines to occupy the town of Hârșova on 8 November, after it was abandoned by the retreating enemy. The destroyer Mărăști (ex-Sparviero) had a cracked shaft and could not exceed the speed of 24 knots. [5] Officers were initially sent to Brest Naval Training Centre in France, as the Military School in Bucharest did not have a naval section. This achievement earned the Romanian naval commander, Rear-Admiral Horia Macellariu, the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Crucea de Cavaler a Crucii de Fier, in Romanian). By 1906 personnel numbered about 1500 Battleships 77 Alfred (formerly the Black Prince). [63], Starting September 1944, the Soviet Navy moved all Romanian warships to Caucasian ports. [16][17][18] The older vessels were received in September 1945, while the more modern ones (such as the Regele Ferdinand-class) were kept by the Soviet Black Sea Fleet until the early 1950s. Following the unification of the principalities of Romania and Wallachia, the Romanian Navy was created by Alexandru Ioan Cuza (ruling Domnitor) on 22 October 1860 as the Flotilla Corps. The raid was a Soviet failure, only amounting to several fuel tanks set on fire. The Romanian warships were supported by coastal artillery, including the German coastal battery Tirpitz (nominally under Romanian command) and the Soviet warships by Tupolev SB bombers. The Sea Slice combat ship is now one of the best crafts a civilian can buy. [5] The four river monitors were built in Italy during 1907-1907 and assembled at Galați. Losses, however, had been huge with over 130,000 men (including 5,400 officers) killed or wounded. Also, two companies from this unit have participated in the KFOR mission "Joint Enterprise" in 2008-09.[1]. [60] She was the only minelayer of the Romanian Navy that was purpose-built and not used for anything else (Amiral Murgescu was also employed as a destroyer escort). Events Fifty-nine words which originally appeared in an addenda page have been integrated in the main text of the document. During the night of 18 September 1941, the motor torpedo boats Viscolul and Vijelia attacked a Soviet convoy South of Odessa, each boat launching her two torpedoes at the closest enemy destroyer. The Romanian Navy during World War II was the main Axis naval force in the Black Sea campaigns and fought against the Soviet Union's Black Sea Fleet from 1941 to 1944. Three of the four torpedoes missed. The naval war in the Black Sea commenced with the Raid on Constanța on 26 June 1941, the only encounter between major warships during the entire campaign. The base was later moved to 1864 at Brăila and eventually in 1867 at Galați which saw various inffrastructu… [5], Following the end of World War I, the Kingdom of Romania took possession over three Austro-Hungarian river monitors[6] (renamed after the newly incorporated territories of Ardeal, Basarabia and Bucovina) and purchased in 1921 four Italian patrol boats. The ultimate A-Z Romanian names list, complete with name meanings, origins and background info for all Romanian baby names. "Fulgerul" (The Lighting) gunboat, built in 1873 at Toulon, was the first military ship to have sailed under Romanian flag in maritime waters. [14] As a result, only the Romanian-built minelayer Amiral Murgescu and three British-built motor torpedo boats (received in February 1940 and designated: Viforul, Vijelia and Viscolul) were received before the Second World War. Though the senate lost most of its political power under the empire, families of senatorial rank were still the elite. Of these, 18,000 were transported by Romanian ships. The Danube Division had to be strengthened by 8 river monitors (4 which were built) and 12 river torpedo-boats (8 were built). The fourth torpedo hit the Soviet destroyer, but failed to detonate. In total, Romanian and German convoys evacuated over 113,000 Axis troops from the Crimea, most of them (over 63,000) during the first phase of the evacuation (15-25 April). [17] In comparison, the Soviet Black Sea Fleet had a battleship, three medium cruisers, three light cruisers, three flotilla leaders, eight modern destroyers, five old destroyers, two large torpedo boats, 47 submarines and many other auxiliary and small vessels. 173 to unify the navies into a single flotilla. The Romanian-built minelayer Amiral Murgescu and the three auxiliary minelayers of the Romanian Navy played an important role in the defence of Constanța in 1941 and later in securing the merchant convoy routes to the Bosporus and the supply routes to Odessa and Sevastopol. The Royal Romanian Navy was involved in the evacuation of Axis forces from Crimea in 1944. The Romanian naval units which directly supported the Axis offensives of 1941 and 1942 inflicted significantly more losses than they took in all engagements. 4K51 Rubezh anti-ship missile launching system at Capu Midia firing range. Seven 25-ton Italian MAS motor torpedo boats, each armed with two 350 mm torpedoes, were also acquired in 1943 without being used. TKA-332 was hit and sunk.[21][22][23]. [59] Also sunk by Soviet aircraft was the minelayer Aurora, on 15 July 1941, near Sulina. The base was first established in 1861 at Izmail, but it was later relocated in 1864 at Brăila and in 1867 at Galați. [6] The riverine base was at Galați, while the maritime base was at Constanța, which was now part of Romania. [43][44], In support of the Romanian-led Siege of Odessa, the Romanian Navy dispatched motor torpedo boats to the recently occupied port of Ochakiv (Oceacov or Vozia in Romanian). [6][7][8], On 17 December 1941, near the Bessarabian coast, the Romanian destroyer Regele Ferdinand, while escorting a convoy of Bulgarian and Hungarian cargo ships, depth-charged and sank the Soviet M-class submarine M-59, after the latter unsuccessfully attacked the convoy with torpedoes. The 307th Marine Battalion ('Batalionul 307 Infanterie Marină') is the costal defence unit of the Romanian Navy. After the unification of Wallachia and Moldavia, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the ruling Domnitor of the Romanian Principalities, decided on 22 October 1860 by order no. In 1926, two additional destroyers were ordered from Italy: Regele Ferdinand and Regina Maria of the Regele Ferdinand class destroyer, together with the Romanian Navy's first submarine, Delfinul, and the submarine depot ship Constanța. None of these ships were ever built. Legates or Lieutenants are the second rank holders in the roman military hierarchy who are responsible for commanding legions.The commandants at this position are in charge of a host of tasks. During the night of 27 April, a convoy escorted by the Romanian gunboat Ghiculescu, the German submarine hunter UJ-115, one R-boat, two KFK naval trawlers and 19 MFPs (including the Romanian PTA-404 and PTA-406) engaged the Soviet G-5-class motor torpedo boats TKA-332, TKA-343 and TKA-344, after the three attacked and damaged the German submarine hunter UJ-104 (never recovered). [1] The first Commander-in-chief of the navy was Colonel Nicolae Steriade. Baza Logistică Navală. The first step towards this issue was taken in 1920, when a naval college was founded at Constanța. Thus, by the end of 1943, the main operational warships of the Romanian Black Sea Fleet amounted to: Throughout the war, numerous ports along the Western and Northern shores of the Black Sea were put under the protection of Romanian naval minefields. [25], Between 7 and 16 October 1941, Amiral Murgescu along with two auxiliary minelayers, all three escorted by the Romanian 250t-class torpedo boats Năluca, Sborul and Smeul, the Romanian gunboats Sublocotenent Ghiculescu and Căpitan Dumitrescu and the Bulgarian torpedo boats Drazki, Smeli and Hrabri, laid four full minefields and one partial minefield along the Bulgarian coast. Romanian Navy during the War of Independence. Several Romanian names are derived by adding suffixes like –escu, -eanu, -anu, etc. The largest ships were the quinqueremes, with three banks of rowers, two each for the upper two oars and one rower on the lower oar (around 300 in total). *Each nation is assessed on individual and collective values processed through an in-house formula to generate a 'PwrIndx' score. Torpiloarele României: vedetele Vosper . [41][42], Romanian warships and marines in the Danube Delta supported the Romanian-German ground forces during their offensive into Bessarabia, at the start of July 1941. Licitaţia de modernizare a navei pentru cercetări maritime şi scafandri „Grigore Antipa” 21 mai 2018. The 1912 naval program envisioned six 3,500-ton light cruisers, twelve 1,5… [6][7] Four destroyers (and allegedly a submarine[5][6]) were actually ordered from Italy, but they were not delivered as the Italian Navy requisitioned them in 1914. 64 light machine guns, Md. [9][10][11] According to other sources however submarine M-59 was lost due to mines earlier that date. [10] The Romanian Navy had a secondary role during World War I and only had light losses. [1] Another notable success was the sinking of the Turkish river monitor "Podgoriçe" (Podgorica) by the Romanian coastal artillery on the 7th of November 1877.[1]. WARSAW, Poland — Romanian Defence Minister Mihai Fifor has unveiled plans by the ministry to buy three new submarines. She was struck by a large aerial bomb, which fell in her fuel tanks, but failed to detonate. The Axis offensives into the Soviet Union were discontinued after Operation Uranus, which took place between 19 and 23 November 1942, during the Battle of Stalingrad. "[24] Its base is near the largest military training range in Romania. [19] Until King Michael's Coup, the Romanian Navy retreated behind the protection of the coastal mine barrages and anti-aircraft defences of Constanța as the Soviet Air Force began to launch heavy air attacks. The rest of the warships were in repairs after the evacuation of Crimea and the Soviet air attacks of the last couple of months or had been relegated to training duties. [5] A number of these warships would have been built under license in Romania at Galați, where a new dry dock was developed. Regele Ferdinand frigate is the current flagship of the Romanian Navy. [29], On 9 November 1941, the Romanian motor torpedo boats Viforul and Vijelia were sunk near Odessa by Soviet mines. [30], On 24 June 1942, Amiral Murgescu along with one auxiliary minelayer laid mines off Odessa, while being escorted by the Romanian destroyers Regele Ferdinand and Regina Maria, the Romanian flotilla leader Mărășești, the Romanian gunboats Ghiculescu, Stihi and Dumitrescu and the Romanian gunboat Smeul (ex-torpedo boat), as well as German motor minesweepers of the Donau Flotilla. [47] The submarine was subsequently attacked by Soviet forces but she followed a route along the Turkish coast and managed to evade up to 80 depth charges, before safely arriving in the port of Constanța on 7 November. 29 martie 2020. Independent since 1878, Romania already had a flotilla on the Danube, but no real fleet. Ships could also be fitted wit… Recent surveys in the area failed to find the wreck in the alleged sinking location and it has been raised the alternative version that M-118 was lost due German seaplane attack [19] or a Romanian field from barrage "S-30". This US Navy ship is a steal; it originally went for $15 million in the '90s. [58] These supplemented the existing squadron of seven motor torpedo boats, consisting of the British-built Viscolul and the six Romanian-built Vedenia-class vessels. "Mircea cel Bătrân" Naval Academy in Constanța. Operations consisted mainly of mine warfare, but there were also escort missions and localized naval engagements. Port stern quarter, underway. Naval engagements took place on 13 and 14 July, near the mouth of the Danube, on each day the Romanian monitor Mihail Kogălniceanu engaging and damaging a Soviet monitor, the latter being identified as Udarnyy. They are currently operated from Navy frigates for search and rescue, medevac and maritime surveillance missions. [1] These plans mainly concentrated on the Danube flotilla. Then in the roman military hierarchy are the Quaestors who are responsible for taking care of the military supplies and chest.. [55] In addition, five Italian-built CB-class midget submarines were temporarily acquired in the autumn of 1943, however only two could be made serviceable before being returned to the Italian R.S.I. The Germans noted the rigid hierarchical system in th… These ships represented the Romanian Flotilla during the War of Independence. Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the founder of the Romanian Navy. Days before Operation Barbarossa, between 16 and 19 June 1941, the Romanian minelayer Amiral Murgescu along with two auxiliary minelayers laid a barrage of 1,000 mines off Constanța, and it was these mines that would sink Moskva one week later. During the War of Independence, the name used in Romanian historiography to refer to the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish war, the Romanian Navy sailed under Russian flag. The largest naval action fought by the Romanian Navy was the 26 June 1941 Raid on Constanța, and its most extensive operation was the 1944 evacuation of the Crimea. On 18 April, the Soviet Leninets-class submarine L-6 was twice attacked with depth charges and damaged by the Romanian gunboat Ghiculescu, numerous bubbles emerged from the depths after each attack, before being finished off by the German submarine hunter UJ-104. The first seamen's training school was established in 1872 at Galați for officers, petty officers and sailors. This paper assesses the capabilities of the Romanian Navy in light of latest military and security developments in the Black Sea. The auxiliary minelayer Regele Carol I, seen here in Constanța military harbour just before her last mission. Her armament was emplaced on the bank of the Danube River to protect against possible attacks by Austro-Hungarian river monitors, and she remained in Sulina for the duration of the war. The gunboat ran into a Romanian mine laid by the auxiliary minelayer Aurora near Sulina in January 1941, when hostilities between the Soviet Union and the Axis had not begun. [7] The 1912 naval program envisioned six 3,500-ton light cruisers, twelve 1,500-ton destroyers and a submarine. No Romanian Navy warships were lost during the evacuation, however the destroyer Regele Ferdinand was close to being sunk. 7,150 men and women serve in the Romanian Navy. Oceangoing tug. [14][15] Another nine British motor torpedo boats were to be built under license at Galați, but this plan was canceled after Romania joined the Axis. [2][3][4][5], On 9 July 1941, near the Romanian Black Sea port of Mangalia, the Romanian gunboat Stihi informed the Romanian 250t-class torpedo boat Năluca (converted to gunboat) and motor torpedo boats Viscolul and Vijelia that the periscope of an enemy submarine was sighted near the harbor. [12] Seven torpedo boats were received as war reparations from Austro-Hungaria. The largest Romanian warship loss of the entire war was the accidental sinking of the gunboat Lepri. "The 307 Marine Battalion is destined to carry out military operations in an amphibious river and lagoon environment, the security of objectives in the coastal area, the Danube Delta and the support of local authorities in case of a civil emergency. Port bow, underway. The first base was at Izmail (Black sea), commanded by an Army colonel, Nicolae Steriade. Index: Pictures of United States Navy Ships 1775-1941 Index by Ship Name AA1 (SS52), renamed T1. [8] The protected cruiser had guarded the mouths of the river Danube during the Second Balkan War, but she was disarmed when World War I began. Ghiculescu opened fire with tracer rounds, enabling the entire escort group to locate the two Soviet MTBs and open fire. After the War of Independence, two naval rearmament programs were proposed for the Black Sea flotilla. This is the current structure of the Romanian Navy: Soldiers from the 307th Marine Battalion disembark from a Dutch landing ship at Vadu beach during a military exercise. Auxiliary Ships 63 Anderson (DD411). The helicopters are in a similar configuration to those of the Romanian Air Force, including the SOCAT upgrade package; the Navy Pumas also have flotation gear fitted under the nose and main undercarriage fairings. [7] The Romanian Navy had to rely on the armed merchant ships of the state merchant marine, known as SMR (Serviciul Maritim Român). They were not return until after the war. Two naval actions involving the Romanian Navy took place during the second phase of the evacuation (25 April-10 May), near Sevastopol. The British torpedo boats from the Căpitan Nicolae Lascăr Bogdan class were built during 1906-1907 and weighed 50 tons each. [12][13][14][15], On 1 October, the Soviet submarine M-118 attacked and sank the German transport ship Salzburg. 214 talking about this. The small, but successful navy had demonstrated the need for a strong Danube flotilla in order to secure the southern border of Romania. The bomb was extracted several days after the end of the operation. Submarines 161 Alabama (BB8). Their mission was to harass Soviet communication and supply lines. The 1899 program called for six coastal battleships, four destroyers and twelve torpedo boats. romanian navy. They were armed with three 12-cm cannons each. Check it out! [14], The expansion of the Romanian Navy during the interwar period required more training facilities and ships. The main success of the war was the sinking of the Turkish river monitor "Seyfî" near Măcin by a group of spar torpedo boats including "Rândunica" and the Russian Carevitch and Ksenya crafts. No Romanian warship was sunk while the Soviet destroyer leader Moskva was lost to a Romanian minefield as she was avoiding fire from the Romanian warships and coastal artillery. The river monitors from the Danube squadron were modernized between 1937 and 1943 at Galați. The two submarines, Rechinul and Marsuinul, were received however too late in the war to see significant action, as after 1941 there were very few available targets.[19]. [5][13] Another gunboat of the same class was bought for spares. 66 machine guns, 60/82/120mm mortars, AG-7 and AG-9 launchers, 76mm Md. [4.2k] View All [4.2k] The Dr. Albert Goodwin Collection [126] A Gentleman's Collection; A Comprehensive Selection of 20th Century American Gallantry & Casualty Awards [202] A Fine Collection of American Society & Association Membership Badges [75] eMedals Presents a Gentleman's Collection; Germany 1933-1945 [47] The Notable Figures Auction Series - The Estate of SS-Obergruppenführer … The Romanian Navy during World War II was the main Axis naval force in the Black Sea campaigns and fought against the Soviet Union's Black Sea Fleet from 1941 to 1944. 24 iulie 2020. The last phase of the evacuation (10-14 May) saw the fiercest combat, as Axis ships transported, under constant attacks from Soviet aircraft and shore artillery, over 30,000 troops. Divizionul 129 Nave Speciale și de Sprijin Logistic; Centrul 338 Mentenanță Tehnică Navală; Secția Logistică 330 Constanța However, when the Soviet minesweeper T-410 Vzryv, accompanied by the Romanian minelayer Amiral Murgescu, was sunk by a German submarine, the Soviet Navy accused the Royal Romanian Navy of betrayal and seized all vessels using this excuse on the 5th of September 1944. The navy was French-trained and organized. The new plan envisioned a cruiser, four destroyers, three submarines, four minelayers and twelve motor torpedo boats. In 1920, two of the initial four destroyers ordered from Italy were received. [16] The Mărăști class destroyers were obsolete warships that had seen service with the Italian Navy during World War I as Sparviero and Nibbio. Three rearmament plans were implemented: during 1883-1885, 1886-1888 and 1906-1908. On the coast of the Dubrusja, the port of … 173 to unify the navies into a single flotilla.The navy was French-trained and organized. Equipment includes two Type 22 frigates, one "Mărășești" class frigate, four corvettes (two Tetal-I and two Tetal-II), three Tarantul-I missile corvettes, three Osa class torpedo boats, one minelayer, four minesweepers, three "Mihail Kogălniceanu" class river patrol monitors, five "Smârdan" (Brutar-II) class river patrol monitors and other small crafts and auxiliary ships.[2]. [36][37][38] The Soviet submarine M-31 was either sunk as well by the Romanian mine barrages near the island on 17 December,[39][40] or sunk by the Romanian leader Mărășești in 1943. GLOSSARY OF U.S. In 1898, the "Flotilla Corps", as it was know until then, was organized in two sections: the Danube fleet and the Black Sea fleet. [64] A number of warships (such as Amiral Murgescu) were never returned. naval forces. On 19 August, a day before the Soviet offensive started the Navy had 54 ships on the Black Sea (29 warships and 25 auxiliary) and 137 on the Danube (37 warships and 100 auxiliary), a marine regiment, a navy engineers regiment and a coastal artillery regiment. [20], The evacuation of the Crimea in April–May 1944 was the most complex and extensive operation of the Romanian Navy during the Second World War. ) is the navy branch of the Romanian Armed Forces; it operates in the Black Sea and on the Danube. As a result, Mărăști never ventured far from the coast. The last reorganization of the Romanian Royal Navy took place after 5 September 1944. After attacking, the submarine was located by a German BV 138C flying boat, and the Romanian gunboats Sublocotenent Ghiculescu and Stihi Eugen were sent to the scene. From 15 April to 14 May, numerous German and Romanian warships escorted many convoys between Constanța and Sevastopol. Ships with multiple levels of rowers, such as the trireme, were fast and manoeuvrable enough to attack enemy vessels by ramming. The first acquisition of the Romanian Navy was the steamboat "Prințul Nicolae Conache Vogoride". For 2020, Romania is ranked 39 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review.It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.6177 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). In the ensuing battle, the Soviet Shchuka-class submarine Shch-206 was attacked by Năluca, at first with 20 mm rounds and then with depth charges, eventually being sunk with all hands. The ship was purchased in 1861 and was later transformed into a warship at Meyer naval shipyard in Linz, being christened "România" when it was launched at Galați harbor. [24] Throughout the war, the mines laid off Constanța also sank four Soviet submarines (Shch-213, M-58, M-34 and Shch-208). 82 mountain howitzers, 13 ABC-79M and 3 TABC-79M armoured personnel carriers. However, the navy had a low priority within the Romanian Army. The following major seaports were protected by Romanian mine barrages by the end of 1943: Romania capitulated on 23 August 1944, in the aftermath of a successful Soviet land offensive. [35] These mines sank the Soviet submarine Shch-212 on 11 December that same year. The same ranks and basic insignia are used in the other militarised institutions. NMS Delfinul, the only Axis submarine in the Black Sea in 1941, acted mainly as a "ship-in-being" due to its obsolescence and sank only one unescorted merchant ship. boy one; 1st c of mt: first captain of the maintop; 1st c of t: first captain of tops; 1st mus: musician first (writing musician) 2nd c of mt: second captain of the maintop Nave româneşti uitate: bolozanul . Thus, the artillery of the Romanian 17th Marine Infantry Battalion, operating in the Periprava sector, shelled and sank six Soviet armored motor gunboats. One more armored motor gunboat was sunk at Isaccea by the riverine artillery of a Romanian Marine Infantry detachment. Jipa Rotaru, Octavian Burcin, Vladimir Zodian, List of main Romanian Navy warships of World War II, attacked and sank the German transport ship, Operations in Romanian-occupied Soviet waters, Soviet Black Sea Fleet during the Battle of Stalingrad, Naval operations in Romanian-occupied Soviet waters,, "russian Russian Navy - Soviet Navy - Soviet Union (1918-1991) S-34 (+1941)", "Ya-5 and Ya-5M types motor mortar boats (1942–1945)",, Military history of Romania during World War II, Black Sea naval operations of World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Built in the United Kingdom in 1898, sunk in October 1941, Built in Italy for the Romanian Navy, entered service in 1920, Built in Italy for the Romanian Navy, entered service in 1930, Built in Austria-Hungary during World War I, acquired by Romania after the end of the war, Built in Austria-Hungary, assembled and launched in Romania in 1907; served as anti-submarine escort fitted with two depth charge throwers, Built in Austria-Hungary in 1915, acquired by Romania after World War I; fitted for service at sea with one depth charge thrower, Built in France during World War I, acquired by Romania after the end of the war, Built in Austria-Hungary during World War I as torpedo boat, acquired by Romania after the end of the war and converted to escort gunboat, Built in Austria-Hungary during World War I as torpedo boat, acquired by Romania after the end of the war and converted to escort gunboat; sunk August 1944, Built in the United Kingdom in the late 1930s, acquired by Romania in 1940, Built in the United Kingdom in the late 1930s, acquired by Romania in 1940; sunk November 1941, Built in Russia during World War I as landing craft; converted to floating battery armed with two 152 mm guns and acquired by Romania in February 1918, Built in Italy for the Romanian Navy, entered service in 1936, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 06:52. The two Romanian warships attacked the submarine with depth charges, sinking her with all hands. [14] In 1940, the SMR had 17 merchant ships with a total of over 72,000 tons of shipping.[14]. [33][34], On 29–30 October and 5 November 1942, Amiral Murgescu along with one auxiliary minelayer, escorted by the Romanian destroyers Regina Maria and Regele Ferdinand, the Romanian leader Mărăști, the Romanian gunboat Stihi and four German R-boats laid two mine barrages to protect Snake Island. Noutăţi. Axworthy, Mark; Scafeș, Cornel; Crăciunoiu, Cristian (1995). [7][9], The Danube Flotilla was more modern,[6][10] and consisted of four river monitors (Lascăr Catargiu, Mihail Kogălniceanu, Ion C. Brătianu and Alexandru Lahovari) and eight British-built torpedo boats. [1] In 1867, the royal yacht "Ștefan cel Mare" (Stephen the Great) entered service, followed by "Fulgerul" (The Lightning) gunboat in 1874 and the "Rândunica" (The Swallow) spar torpedo boat in 1875. After the War of Independence, two naval rearmament programs were proposed for the Black Sea flotilla. [6] The Romanian Black Sea squadron also had four old gunboats from the 1880s, which were of limited value, and three old Năluca-class torpedo boats, built in France. Standard equipment includes PA md. The old brig Mircea was also sunk during a Soviet air raid on 17 April 1944.

Sich ärgern über Dativ Oder Akkusativ, Latex Colorbox Height, Innerer Monolog Stauffacher, Sonne Oberhaugstett öffnungszeiten, Arsenal Shooting Game,

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *


Du kannst folgende HTML-Tags benutzen: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>